Ulcerative colitis is a debilitating condition that affects the colon and rectum, causing inflammation and ulceration in the inner lining of the colon. Early recognition and treatment is crucial. Fortunately, you can learn about the early warning signs and symptoms of ulcerative colitis with a search online right now.
What are the Signs of Ulcerative Colitis?
This condition can have a wide range of symptoms. One of the most common signs of ulcerative colitis is diarrhea, which is often accompanied by blood and mucus in the stool.
People with ulcerative colitis may also experience abdominal pain and cramping, especially after having a bowel movement. Additionally, they may feel an urgent need to have a bowel movement even if they have just had one.
Chronic inflammation and nutrient loss can cause fatigue in people with ulcerative colitis, and malnutrition due to the body’s inability to absorb nutrients can lead to weight loss. Chronic blood loss in the stool can also result in anemia.
It is crucial to be aware that symptoms resembling those of ulcerative colitis can be caused by other ailments, such as infectious diarrhea or IBS. Thus, it is critical to seek medical evaluation to ensure a correct diagnosis.
Diagnosing Ulcerative Colitis
The process of diagnosing ulcerative colitis usually starts with a medical history review and physical examination by a doctor. During the appointment, the doctor will ask questions about the symptoms being experienced, including the frequency and severity of diarrhea, abdominal pain, and any other symptoms.
They may perform a rectal exam to check for signs of inflammation or blood in the stool. To further assess and confirm the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis, the doctor may perform a range of tests, including blood tests, stool tests, imaging tests, and colonoscopy.
Treatment Options for Ulcerative Colitis
The objective of treating ulcerative colitis is to decrease inflammation and improve symptoms. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as sulfasalazine and mesalamine, help reduce inflammation in the colon and improve symptoms. Other medications, such as Corticosteroids and Immunomodulators, can also work to reduce inflammation in the colon, but they may have undesirable side effects.
Biologic therapies can be effective in reducing inflammation and improving symptoms, but they can also have serious side effects. In severe cases of ulcerative colitis, a colectomy, or removal of the colon, may be necessary to provide relief from symptoms and prevent complications.
Stelara (ustekinumab) is a biologic treatment option for those suffering from moderate to severe ulcerative colitis. It operates by inhibiting the function of proteins that play a role in the inflammation process.
Given as a subcutaneous injection and administered every 8 to 12 weeks on average, the medication can be successful in alleviating symptoms. However, as with all medications, there may be potential side effects associated with Stelara, and so you should consult with a doctor to weigh the risks and benefits before beginning treatment.
Managing Ulcerative Colitis
Some effective strategies for managing ulcerative colitis include taking medications as directed, and having regular check-ups with your doctor. These two tips are crucial when it comes to reducing inflammation and improving symptoms.
Additionally, a number of lifestyle changes can help to manage the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Eating a healthy, balanced diet – that is low in fat and high in fiber – and staying physically active can help you manage stress and reduce inflammation as well.
Live a Fulfilling and Active Life
Living with ulcerative colitis can be a challenging experience, but there are steps that can be taken to manage symptoms and improve one’s quality of life.
It is important to remember that everyone’s experience with ulcerative colitis is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. However, with the right approach, it is possible to live a fulfilling and active life with ulcerative colitis.